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  haryanainfo.com About Karnal, Haryana
Karnal is an important city and the headquarters of Karnal District in the Indian state of Haryana.

Karnal is said to have been founded by the Kauravas in the Mahabharata era for the king Karna, a mythological hero and a key figure in the epic tale. It is midway between Delhi and Chandigarh, being 123 km (76 mi) north of Delhi and 126 km (78 mi) south of Chandigarh, on the National Highway NH-1, which is famous as the Grand Trunk Road. Delhi and Chandigarh can be reached from Karnal within 2 hours using the very high frequency bus service provided by the Haryana Roadways.

Karnal is famous for its world class researchand development institutes, namely Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI), National Diary Research Institute (NDRI), Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), the production of very high-quality basmati rice and lush green pastures. Karnal is also famous for manufacture of agricultural implements and its spares as more than 40% of country agricultural implements and spares are manufactured here. One of the bigger units involved in the manufacture of spares is Karnal Agricultural Industries Ltd. having largest manufacturing base in the country.
History
The city of Karnal is said to have been founded by Raja Karna, a central character in the Mahabharata war. The original name is Karnalaya (home of Karna). This is the same Karna, who was the eldest son of Kunti and thus Karnal is called the city of Daanvir Karna.

It has been a walled town as far as its history can be traced and it had a citadel at one time.

Karnal sprang into prominence in 1739 when Persian emperor Nadir Shah defeated and captured the Mughal ruler Muhammad Shah in the Battle of Karnal. Raja Gopal Singh of Jind seized Karnal in 1763, and the Marathas established themselves at Karnal in 1785. Skirmishes followed between the Marathas and the Sikhs and in 1795, the Marathas finally wrested the city from Raja Bhag Singh of Jind and made it over to the British-Irish military commander George Thomas, who took part in the fight. The British established a cantonment in 1811 but abandoned it after 30 years due to an outbreak of malaria. The fort which had been built by Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, was taken over by the British and converted into a residence for Dost Mohammad Khan, Amir of Kabul. The fort was used as a jail, as quarters for native cavalry and as a poorhouse. In 1862, it was made over to the Education Department, when the district school was moved into it from the city. Karnal was the part of Ambala distt. of Punjab till Haryana was found in 1966.

Interesting facts
Main articles: Kalpana Chawla and Liaquat Ali Khan First Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, was born on October 1, 1895 in Karnal. His family belonged to the Nausherwan Pathan clan. Liaquat Ali Khan was nawab of Karnal district, Haryana. The 25th Chief of Army Staff General Deepak Kapoor did his schooling from Sainik School, Kunjpura, Karnal district, Haryana. Karnal.

Late Dr.Kalpana Chawla, an Indian-American scientist and NASA astronaut, was born in a Punjabi Hindu family at Model Town, Karnal. She completed her schooling at Tagore Baal Niketan, Karnal.
Particulars Description
Area 228
Population (2011) 210,476 
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
For More Information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karnal
 
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